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“[T]he political profluoridation stance has evolved into a dogmatic, authoritarian, essentially antiscientific posture, one that discourages open debate of scientific issues.” - Dr. Edward Groth, Senior Scientist, Consumers Union, 1991.
“Journal editors often have refused for political reasons to publish information that raises questions about fluoridation.” - Chemical & Engineering News, August 1, 1988.
“We are left with compelling evidence that powerful interests with high financial stakes have colluded to prematurely close honest discussion and investigation into fluoride toxicity.” - Dr. Sheldon Krimsky, Tufts University, August 16, 2004.
“The Public Health Service, unfortunately, has locked itself into a position where it has made this statement on the record that there is absolutely no hazard to fluoridating public water supplies and the matter is closed. Now, that, of course, is immediately an unscientific approach.” - Ralph Nader, Consumer Advocate, 1971.
OVERVIEWS: Suppression of Scientific Dissent in Fluoridation Debate:
- Suppressed Science: A Stain on Society
- Professional Attack
- Is Science Censored?
- The Promotion of Water Fluoridation: An Historical Overview
Specific Cases of Politics Trumping Science:
- EPA’s Decision to Weaken Fluoride Safety Standard
- The Altered Recommendations of the Surgeon General’s Medical Committee
- FDA’s Failure to Regulate Fluoride Supplements
- Harvard’s Fluoride Bone Cancer Research
SPECIFIC CASES of Scientists Being Fired for Raising Concerns:
South Carolina Petitions EPA to Relax Fluoride Standard
The Washington Post December 10, 1981 Too Much Fluoride in the Water? By Walter Pincus It wasn't that long ago when some conservative groups were opposing the introduction of fluoride into local water systems, saying that the addition of the chemical to fight tooth decay was a sign that communism was taking over. Well, fluoride
The Promotion of Water Fluoridation: An Historical Overview
...Three historical cases of major technological innovations whose benefits and risks were the subject of heated public controversy are examined, in search of lessons that may suggest a path toward consensus in the biotechnology debate. In each of the cases-water fluoridation, nuclear power and pesticides-proponents of the technology gathered scientific
Firms Can Make Fluoridated Water Claim
Companies can claim that drinking bottled water with fluoride prevents cavities, the government said Wednesday. The Food and Drug Administration said it would allow bottlers of fluoridated water to make the health claim, in a notice dated Oct. 14 but posted Wednesday to its Web site.
NTP Bioassay on Fluoride/Cancer (1990)
In 1977, the U.S. Congress requested that animal studies be conducted to determine if fluoride can cause cancer. The result of the Congressional request was an extensive animal study conducted in the 1980s by the National Toxicology Program (NTP) and published in 1990. The main finding of NTP's study was a dose-dependent increase in osteosarcoma (bone cancer) among the fluoride-treated male rats.
Fluoride & Osteosarcoma: A Timeline
Several human epidemiological studies have found an association between fluoride in drinking water and the occurrence of osteosarcoma (bone cancer) in young males. These studies are consistent with the National Toxicology Program's (NTP) cancer bioassay which found that fluoride-treated male rats had an dose-dependent increase in osteosarcoma. Although a number of studies have failed to detect an association between fluoride and osteosarcoma, none of these studies have measured the risk of fluoride at specific windows in time, which based on recent results, is the critical question with respect to fluoride and osteosarcoma.
Fluoride & Liver Cancers in NTP Bioassay
On October 28, 1988, Battelle Columbus Laboratories submitted its Final Report to the NTP concerning the results of the Mouse study. The principal finding of Battelle's report was that a dose-dependent increase of a rare liver cancer (hepatocholangiocarcinoma) had occurred in the fluoride-treated male and female mice.
Fluoride & the Brain: An Interview with Dr. Phyllis Mullenix
The following interview with Phyllis Mullenix took place on October 18, 1997. The interviewer is Paul Connett. I. ACADEMIC BACKGROUND Connett: We're talking with Dr. Phyllis Mullenix, who in 1995, published a very important work on the neurotoxic effects of fluoride in rat studies. And Phyllis would you begin by telling us your
Interview with EPA's Dr. William Marcus on NTP's Fluoride/Cancer Study
The following is an interview with Dr. William Marcus, Senior Science Advisor in EPA's Office of Drinking Water, concerning the National Toxicology Program's animal study on fluoride & cancer.
The 'Altered Recommendations' of the 1983 Surgeon General's Panel
"We believe that EPA staff and managers should be called to testify, along with members of the 1983 Surgeon Generals panel and officials of the Department of Human Services, to explain how the original recommendations of the Surgeon Generals panel were altered to allow EPA to set otherwise unjustifiable drinking water standards for fluoride."
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